See also Visual aids.
Presbyopia is the result of aging with progressive inability to accommodate. In the emmetropic eye, the need for near vision correction arises at around age 40-50.
The Myope will also need correction at about the same age if wearing their distance glasses. In practice myopes tend to either remove their spectacles to read or look under or over their spectacles frame. Alternatively they use spectacles with bifocal or varifocal lenses.
The Hypermetrope (Hyperope) who does not need spectacles to meet the distance vision standards will need near vision correction at a younger age, initially being able to use full frame corrective lenses, needing bifocal later.
A special eye report must or should be provided in the following circumstances:
Under the ICAO SARPS, when near and distance correction are both needed, the applicant shall demonstrate that one pair of spectacles is sufficient to meet both distant and near vision requirements. CAA has adopted this recommendation as a policy (see Visual aids).
A Class 1, 2 or 3 applicant with presbyopia who only meets the vision standards when using corrective lenses must have the medical certificate endorsed accordingly:
The ability for a myope to read over or under the distance spectacles is not an acceptable alternative to wearing suitable bifocal / multifocal refractive lenses.
A Class 3 applicant working in the radar room and who meets the distance vision standards uncorrected but only meets the intermediate / near vision standards when using corrective lenses may use full frame spectacles that are adequate for the intermediate and near distance working conditions.